Black History Timeline
Snack: Let's have a snack that you
have to TIME. Put two eggs for each student in a saucepan, or a bigger pan if
you need more space. Pour water into the pan so that the water is at least one
inch above the eggs. Put it on the stovetop and bring it to a boil over medium
heat. Once it boils, TIME it for 2 minutes - then put the lid to the pot on,
turn the heat off, and TIME it for 20 minutes. At that time, you should have
hard-boiled eggs! They're great to eat with some apple juice.
Note: This Treat is dedicated to the students of
Tennessee teacher Jenna Hill.
Thanks for the idea, kids!
First, print out this Treat.
Next, appoint one person as the timeline chief.
No one else will have the answers, below, except this person.
The timeline chief may also go to this website and print out this list
with links to background information:
Roll of paper towels | Permanent marker | Scissors
It really helps
to understand the history of African-Americans in the United States if you can
put the important people and events into the perspective of history.
So let's make a
timeline, and then work together to place the faces in the spaces where they
timeline chief is printing out the answers, other students can cut out the
faces from this Treat. They are NOT in order!
Another group can
carefully roll out the paper towel roll just as long as it will go in the room
that you are in. Do not separate the individual sheets; keep it in a long,
connected roll on the floor.
Then take a permanent marker and write
down the dates, below, in order, on the squares of paper towel. Write one date
per square. You can skip a few squares to represent decades or years in which
nothing happened in black history. Write the dates facing where the students
will be sitting during the activity so that the dates are clearly visible
You might want to start on one end at the
most recent date, and work your way back in time, skipping a few paper towel
squares if there are a lot of years between dates. You should have at least 17
paper towel squares on the floor, and preferably more.
Now are you ready to play? Everybody
should take one picture, and then look at the timeline with the dates in the
individual paper towel squares. Go and stand on the date that you think that person
is famous for.
If you don't have enough students, once
you take a turn, you can just place the cut-out face on the square where you
think it goes. Then if there are more pictures, you can do it with another one.
If someone gets stuck, the "timeline
chief" is allowed to give one hint per person. For example, you could say
"earlier" or "later."
When you are through, the timeline chief
will correct any misplacements and go over each important date and person in
Black history, to see how you did. You might have to change a few around, but
that's OK. When you're "making history," things almost never work out right the
If you have access to the Internet, the
timeline chief can also follow the links in the article, above, to share more
information about each famous person or event.
Have fun! Now, the dates are going to be
in order, below, but the names and faces are not:
AND NOW FOR THE PICTURES TO BE CUT OUT:
HERE ARE THE ANSWERS - FOR THE TIMELINE CHIEF ONLY!!!
Nat Turner's Rebellion
happened in Virginia in
1831, when a group of
rebel slaves killed from
55 to 65 white people; the
state executed 56 slaves
accused of taking part in
it, and another 100-200
blacks were killed by
mobs. The incident woke
up a lot of people about
the injustice of slavery.
great speaker, writer
and leader of the
movement to abolish
"Narrative of the Life
of Frederick Douglass,
An American Slave,"
published in 1845
whites and blacks alike
snuck slaves to the North
so that they could be free,
but the brave people doing
it were risking death or prison,
The Emancipation Proclamation
of 1863 was when President
Abraham Lincoln declared that
slavery was wrong and all slaves
should be set free.
Booker T. Washington;
educator, author and early
civil rights leader
and Tuskegee Institute
"Up From Slavery,"
The National Association
for the Advancement of
Colored People was
founded in 1909.
first black person to get
a Ph.D. from Harvard;
teacher; campaigned against
race prejudice with
his book, "The Crisis,"
The Scottsboro Boys; in 1931, nine
black teenage boys were accused of
raping two white girls in Scottsboro,
they were tried 3 times; 7 out of the 9
have to serve time, but their legal
established that everyone, regardless
race, deserves competent legal
representation in court, and that
juries were unjust and had to stop.
Tuskegee Airmen, first African-American
aviators to serve in U.S. armed forces;
were in WWII, starting in 1941
Jackie Robinson, first black Major
Baseball player; lettered in four
UCLA; started for the Brooklyn Dodgers
in 1945; named Rookie of the Year with
12 home runs and 29 stolen bases; had
to take a lot of harassment from
prejudiced people who didn't want him
Rosa Parks was riding home on
the bus from her job in
Montgomery, Ala., but just
got sick of having to ride in the
back of the bus because she was
black. So one night in 1955, she
refused to give up her seat and was
arrested. But her bravery resulted
in a boycott led by Dr. Martin Luther
King, and the U.S. Supreme Court ruled
that the Montgomery bus rules were
wrong and had to stop.
Nine black high school students
walked in to Central High School
in Little Rock, Ark., in 1957,
racially integrating the school for
the first time; whites yelled at them
and they had to have police protection.
Previously, whites and blacks went to
The Rev. Dr. Martin
Luther King Jr., gave
one of the most powerful
speeches in American history
in 1963, "I Have a Dream,"
at the Mall in
Washington, D.C., before
250,000 people. It was probably
the biggest event of the entire
civil rights movement.
The Black Panther Party
was an all-black political group
that started in 1966 to protect
black neighborhoods from
police brutality; the leaders
were socialist and communist
revolutionaries, and they
had a militant and sometimes
violent attitude toward police
that made them highly
Thurgood Marshall won the
1954 Brown vs. Board of Education
school desegregation case as a
lawyer, and later became the first
black justice on the U.S. Supreme
Court in 1967.
The Million Man March in 1995
was intended to focus the nation's
attention on the problems of black
men. It was organized by racial justice
activists; estimates of the actual
crowd ranged from 400,000 to
Barack Obama was
elected the first
President of the
United States in